He is a philosopher of science and the paper we wrote originated in the mid 90s when he published a book on ai and scientific method which summarised the state of the art of ai at the time and. Artificial intelligence and scientific method examines the remarkable advances made in the field of ai over the past twenty years discussing their profound implications for philosophy taking a clear non technical approach donald gillies focuses on two key topics within ai machine learning in the turing tradition and the development of logic programming and its connection with non monotonic logic. We are currently witnessing a broad adoption of methods from artificial intelligence across many disciplines of exact and applied sciences these new approaches which are based on probabilistic data analysis or implicit knowledge representations challenge and transform traditional scientific practice in fields ranging from physics via chemistry and biology all the way to geography and robotics. Artificial intelligence and scientific method donald gillies oxford univbllsity pllbss contents i the inductivist controveny or bacon venus popper 11 bacons inductivism 12 poppers falsificationism 3 13 keplers discovery of the laws of planetary motion 6 14 the discovery of the sulphonamide drugs 11 1 machine leaming in the turing tradition 17 21 the turing tradition 19 22
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