Intervertebral disk disease ivdd is the most common cause of thoracolumbar spinal injury in dogs however spinal tumors fibrocartilaginous embolus and trauma may also cause neurologic deficits hemilaminectomy to relieve the spinal cord compression is the most common surgical treatment of ivdd postoperative care of the ivdd patient focuses on pain control bladder care attention to bedding or housing and postoperative rehabilitation often patient handling can be challenging if pain . These include stroke syringomyelia intervertebral disk disease spinal cord tumors and poliomyelitis the affected limb including the hand or foot in addition to the digits may be cool and cyanotic in contrast to the episodic nature of raynauds phenomenon these changes tend to be persistent. Intervertebral disk diseases resume the new edition of this book provides the current information on the diagnostic techniques and therapeutic approaches that will help clinicians optimize care for patients with intervertebral disk disease the book covers the full range of problems frequently encountered in the clinical setting including traumatic injuries non degenerative disk diseases
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